CARTRIDGE 23 MM GHASHA AP I
GENERAL :
Cartridge is fired from Air-craft gun HP-23/AM-23. This ammunition is having the power to penetrate an armour of about 10 mm thick. The 23 mm cartridge consists of a solid body armour piercing incendiary shell, brass case with igniting primer and powder charge.

The armour piercing incendiary shell consists of steel body, copper rotating band, ballistic cap and incendiary pellet. To maintain the filled shell weight, the shell bottom section is fitted with an inert substance instead of tracer compound.

At present, cartridge with solid body armour piercing incendiary shells, without a tracer chamber are also being made to ensure better armour piercing effect. The shell body is made of structural alloy steel and heat treated.

The ballistic cap is fixed on the shell body by beading it into special grooves, and serves to impart a streamlined shape to shell nose.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS :

Total length of ammunition

197.96 - 200.53 mm

Total mass of ammunition

328.0 gms

Mass of incendiary composition

5.0 gms

Propellant (ACM)

36.0 gms

Weight of Projectile

174.0 gms

Net explosive content

41.0 gms
 
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS :

Muzzle Velocity

720 m/s ± 10 m/s

Maximum pressure

3000 kg/sq.cm

Rate of fire

3000-3400 rds/min
 
QUALITY :
The raw materials used for components are tested by independent Quality Assurance Wing. Major components are test fired and only passed components are taken into final assembly of ammunition. The final round is dynamically proved for (a) accuracy, (b) correctness of flight, (c) armour piercing and (d) rigidity of joint between the ballistic cap and shell body.
SAFETY :
As no fuze is assembled into the shell, the ammunition is safe during manufacture, transit and storage.
RELIABILITY :
Due to its sound design and careful manufacture, the ammunition is very effective in providing ground support to troops against armoured vehicles of the enemy.
SHELF LIFE :
The shelf life of the ammunition is 7 years.
PACKING :
70 cartridges are packed in one steel box H-60.
STOWAGE DIMENSION :

Packing box size

355 mm x 241mm x 315 mm

Gross weight

37.0 kg

Net weight

22.96 kg

Volume

0.026 cu.m
 
HAZARD CLASSIFICATION :

The cartridge is classified in

Compatibility group C
Hazard Division 1.2

Fire fighting classification

2
Contact :

Marketing & Export Division
Ordnance Factory Board
Ayudh Bhawan
Government of India
Ministry of Defence
10A, S. K. Bose Road, Kolkata – 700 001, India.

Tel: 0091-33-2248 9027 / 2248 2103 / 2248 5077-80
Fax : 0091-33-2248 1748/2210 8235
Mail : ofbtrade@dataone.in
www.ofb.gov.in